10 years ago was a golden age of feature phone, which refer to a mobile phone that has limited abilities. According to definition, feature phone is a mobile phone with abilities for voice calling, text messaging , multimedia playing and internet surfing. At that time, several scholars mentioned its meaning toward social culture in various way. As a tool that can connect individuals together, as a tool that can obscure the boundaries of time and place for instance. However, after the first iPhone has been introduced since 2007 by Apple. The definition of mobile phone, which is currently called smartphone, toward social culture is developed.
Feature phone definition : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feature_phone
Due to the definition, smartphone is an advance mobile phone which is including computer features. Considering feature of smartphone now a day, it has been developed far away from its ancestors. It can respond to various tasks, by installing applications, as users require it to do. Furthermore, it can roughly learn how its users behave and analyse data which has been collected from user, in order to provide the most suitable solution for users. Smartphones can perform as small size computer which flexibility for users.
Smartphone definition : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smartphone
As mentioned before that applications can support smartphone to perform in many tasks, working flexibility is enhanced. Some applications function as managing working document, create, edit and review for instance. These allow individuals to have portable workplace, which have been strict to unmovable desk for long time. This can be inferred that working routine would not range from 8 am to 5 pm anymore. People can answer emails, contact their clients while they are waiting for a coffee. Anytime and anywhere can be workplace.
On the other hand, this benefit is also turned to be challenge. In the time people are not strict with working routine, their working routine are expected to be 24 hrs 7 days instead. Although they get an email form clients during their weekend, they are expected to respond immediately or as soon as possible. This can be inferred that work life balance is changed, working and leisure are blended together. The smartphone which is utilised in this way is defined as OHS(Office-Home smartphone), smartphone devices that can be used for work purposes but also for personal purposes 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
According to the research, it indicates that OHS which is provide flexibility and efficiency for working can increase work overload, by the reason of flexibility. Research respondents mention that OHS allows them to do their work anywhere and anytime which result in effectively working, but it means they are able to be assigned more work. Further more, it also affects work-life balance which results in increasing of stress.
A New Open Door: The Smartphone’s Impact on Work-to-Life Conflict, Stress, and Resistance. (http://bit.ly/ZrxT0o)
Not just only flexible workplace that smartphones can provide, which turns to be negative effect for users, smartphone also provide flexible entertainment. As we all know that smartphone technology has been productively developed for several years. Many entertainment features are included in palm hand size devices, music, movie and game for instance. Users can access to all these entertainment any time and any where they want. However, it can be argued that feature phones have an entertainment function as well. Considering many smartphones would show that entertainment functions in smartphone go beyond feature phone so far. Due to the reason of developed hardware and software which support smartphone to perform.
In conclusion, we can see that smartphone can enhance flexibility which go further than feature phone have done. It allows individuals to do many things which, in past, they have had to sit in particular place and do. We can read some news, even we are walking to a classroom. We can watch a movie, even we are waiting for a bus.